Compiling or packages?
Often, distributions lag behind software releases and may be offering older - sometimes significantly older - packages. To get the latest, you can either install Kismet from a package in the Kismet official repositories or you can compile it from source.
If you’re looking to make changes to the Kismet code, or if you’re installing to a distribution not currently supported by the official Kismet packages, you’ll definitely need to compile from source.
If you’re installing onto a very resource constrained system, like a Raspberry Pi, you may want to consider either the packages, or making a cross compiling environment - modern C++ can be very resource intensive to compile, and a Raspberry Pi 3 or Raspberry Pi 0 is unlikely to be able to successfully compile natively. The official packages for these environments are built on an Intel server with an emulated Pi docker environment to overcome these hurdles.
Compiling: Quick Setup
Kismet has many configuration knobs and options; but for the quickest way to get the basics working:
Uninstall any existing Kismet installs.
If you installed Kismet using a package from your distribution, uninstall it the same way; if you compiled it yourself, be sure to remove it
Kismet needs a number of libraries and development headers to compile; these should be available in nearly all distributions.
sudo apt install build-essential git libwebsockets-dev pkg-config zlib1g-dev libnl-3-dev libnl-genl-3-dev libcap-dev libpcap-dev libnm-dev libdw-dev libsqlite3-dev libprotobuf-dev libprotobuf-c-dev protobuf-compiler protobuf-c-compiler libsensors4-dev libusb-1.0-0-dev python3 python3-setuptools python3-protobuf python3-requests python3-numpy python3-serial python3-usb python3-dev python3-websockets librtlsdr0 libubertooth-dev libbtbb-dev
On some older distributions,
libprotobuf-c-devmay be called
For RTLSDR rtl_433 support, you will also need the rtl_433 tool if it is not already a package in your distribution.
On some older distributions,
libwebsocketsmay not be available as a modern version. Kismet uses the libwebsockets async API which was introduced a year ago, but some distributions still may not provide it. You can try to compile libwebsockets yourself, or you can disable libwebsockets in the Kismet build with
--disable-libwebsocketsin the configure stage below.
Libwebsockets is used by the remote capture code; compiling without it will not remove websockets from the Kismet server, or prevent using websockets, but any remote capture code compiled without libwebsockets will only be able to use the legacy TCP connection mode. If you’re not planning to use remote capture nodes, none of this matters to you, and you can get more info about remote capture here.
Linux Fedora (and related)
sudo dnf install make automake gcc gcc-c++ kernel-devel git libwebsockets-devel pkg-config zlib-devel libnl3-devel libcap-devel libpcap-devel NetworkManager-libnm-devel libdwarf libdwarf-devel elfutils-devel libsqlite3x-devel protobuf-devel protobuf-c-devel protobuf-compiler protobuf-c-compiler lm_sensors-devel libusb-devel fftw-devel
You will also need the related python3, rtlsdr, and ubertooth packages.
Other Linux distributions
Most distributions will have equivalent packages. If your distribution splits binary and development packages, make sure to install both if you’re compiling.
MacOS requires the XCode toolchain from the Apple store. Once installed, you will need to launch the XCode IDE at least once to accept the license; do so before using the command line tools.
You will need to install the
brewtool from brew.sh. There are of course other package managers for MacOS; feel free to use any of them which have the required packages, but Brew is known to work.
Install the required packages via Brew:
brew install pkg-config python3 libpcap protobuf protobuf-c pcre librtlsdr libbtbb ubertooth libusb openssl libwebsockets
MacOS requires some additional flags during the
./configurestage as well - be sure to read on in the configure section!
Clone Kismet from git. If you haven’t cloned Kismet before:
git clone https://www.kismetwireless.net/git/kismet.git
If you have a Kismet repo already:
cd kismet git pull
This will find all the specifics about your system and prepare Kismet for compiling. If you have any missing dependencies or incompatible library versions, they will show up here.
cd kismet ./configure
Pay attention to the summary at the end and look out for any warnings! The summary will show key features and raise warnings for missing dependencies which will drastically affect the compiled Kismet.
If you’re compiling for a remote capture platform only, check the remote capture docs for more information.
On some platforms - such as MacOS - you may need to pass additional flags to
MacOS and Brew
Brew does not place things where the compiler can find them by default, and does not install all development headers, to prevent conflict with MacOS system headers. To work around this, extra options must be passed to the
LDFLAGS=-L$(brew --prefix)/lib CPPFLAGS="-I$(brew --prefix)/include -I$(brew --prefix openssl)/include" ./configure
This may not be necessary with other package managers under MacOS.
If the libraries still can not be found with the above
./configurecommand, you will need to examine your brew configuration to see if it is installing packages in a different location, or if a different version of the library has been installed. In these cases, you will need to adjust the
./configurecommand so that they point to the installed location and version of the libraries.
You can accelerate the process by adding
-j #, depending on how many CPUs you have. To automatically compile on all the available cores:
C++ uses quite a bit of RAM to compile, so depending on the RAM available on your system you may need to limit the number of processes you run simultaneously.
Sometimes, when updating the git repository, files have changed significantly enough that the Makefile system does not automatically recover fully. If you encounter errors about missing header files (
foo.h not foundfor example), try removing all
.dfiles and running
These files are used to identify which parts of the code need to be recompiled; rarely, when code is moved around, they get confused.
Generally, you should install Kismet as suid-root; Kismet will automatically add a group and install the capture binaries accordingly.
When installed suid-root, Kismet will launch the binaries which control the channels and interfaces with the needed privileges, but will keep the packet decoding and web interface running without root privileges.
sudo make suidinstall
Add your user to the
sudo usermod -aG kismet $USER
This will add your current logged in user to the
On MacOS, Kismet is installed under the
staffgroup, which the default user is part of.
Reload your groups
Groups are not updated automatically; you will need to reload the groups for your user.
Either log back out and log in (or in extreme cases, reboot), or use the
newgrpcommand if available:
newgrpis not run via
Check that you are in the Kismet group with:
If you are not in the
kismetgroup, you should log out and log back in, or reboot - some session and desktop managers don’t reload the groups on logout, either.
You’re now ready to run Kismet!
Check out the quick-start guide for running Kismet for more information!